- Association of Scheduled
Tribe and Rural Poor in regeneration of Degraded Forests on Usufruct
In pursuance of the National Forest Policy (NFP) 1988, a 100%
Centrally Sponsored Scheme entitled "Association of
Scheduled Tribe and Rural Poor in Regeneration of Degraded Forests
on Usufruct Sharing Basis" was started in the 7th plan.
This scheme was basically introduced to involve the local people in
the rehabilitation of degraded forests in tribal dominant areas.
Besides improving the forest
cover of degraded forests, the scheme also aims at providing wage
employment and ususcufts to the tribal people. The main
objectives of the scheme are:
- To improve the forest based
biomass resource base in degraded forests and to manage it on
sustained basis for domestic needs of the identified
- To involve local scheduled
tribes and other rural poor people in the protection and
development of degraded forests.
- To provide gainful employment
and rural poor people in their own locality only.
- Modern Forest Fire Control
sponsored scheme "
Introduction of Modern Forest Fire Control Methods" was
launched during the 8th plan with the following objectives:
- To control forest fire with a
view to protect and conserve both natural and manmade forests.
- To improve the productivity of
the forest by reducing the incidents and extent of forest fires.
- To devise, test &
demonstrate principles and techniques for prevention, detection
and suppression of forest fires.
- Orientation and training of
personnel for participation in forest fire management. 100%
central assistance is provided to the State under this scheme
for items such as hand tools, fire resistant clothing,
research and publicity, training and demonstration, creation of
fire lines, construction of watch towers, fire finding
instruments, wireless communication sets and fire tenders.
- Development of National
Parks and Sanctuaries:
Under the centrally sponsored scheme financial assistance is
provided for the development of National Parks and Sanctuaries. 100%
assistance is provided on selected items of non-recurring nature to
both National Parks and Sanctuaries and 50% assistance in recurring
items for some National Parks.
- Eco development in and
around National Parks and Sanctuaries:
Central assistance is provided to the states for taking up programs
of eco-development around national parks and sanctuaries including
tiger reserves. The program was basically introduced in order to
achieve ecologically sustainable eco-development and to
reduce the biotic pressure on protected areas for ecosystem
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