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EXTERNAL ASSISSTANCE IN FORESTRY SECTOR
External assistance is sought in the forestry sector for augmenting of insufficient resource availability from internal sources. First forestry project with external assistance was World Bank aided Uttar Pradesh social forestry project, which started implementation in 1979. So far 16 projects have been completed and were implemented in 14 states. Approximately 2.64 million-hectare area has been covered under these completed projects. These projects were basically afforestation projects. Now, most of the externally aided projects are integrated forestry development projects which include institutional development, human resource development, bio-diversity conservation, JFM, management information system, geographical information system etc. All World Bank assisted forestry projects have been funded under IDA (international donor agency) with very long repayment period and nominal interest rate.
Presently 16 state-sector and 2 central-sector externally aided -projects with total project cost of Rs. 4132.77 crores and Rs. 487.40 crores respectively, are under implementation in forestry sector. Major funding of Rs. 2538.61 crores for 6 projects comes from Japan Bank for international co-operation (JBIC), formerly OECF. In addition World Bank is funding 5 forestry with total project cost of Rs. 1486.37 crores. In addition to JBIC (Japan) and World Bank, DFID (U.K.), Ausaid (Australia), EEC, SIDA, GTZ are also funding forestry projects, though on a much smaller scale.
The list of completed projects :