MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTS

NOTIFICATION

 

New Delhi, the 30th August, 2005

 

 

 

G.S.R.546 (E)-. In exercise of the powers conferred by sections 6 and 25 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 (29 of 1986), the Central Government hereby makes the following rules further to amend the Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986, namely: -

 

1.                 (1)     These rules may be called the Environment (Protection) Third Amendment Rules, 2005.

 

 (2) They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Official Gazette or otherwise as mentioned.

 

2.   In the Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986, in Schedule I,-

 

(i)                in  serial  number  14  relating  to 'Small Pulp and Paper  Industry',  in  columns  3 and 4,  after  the  existing  entries, the  following  entries  shall  be  inserted, namely:-

 

  Sr. No.

       Industry

     Parameter

    Standards

         1

            2

           3

        4

 

“Absorbable Organic Halogens     3.00 kg/ton of paper

(AOX) in effluent discharge         produced with effect from the date of publication of this notification.

 2.00 kg/ton of paper produced with effect from the 1st day of March, 2006.

 

Explanation.- These  standards  shall apply  to all  small scale  Pulp  and Paper  Mills  having  capacity  below  24,000 MT per annum.";

 

 (ii)     in  serial number 53 relating  to ' Large  Pulp & Paper News  Print/Rayon Grade  Plants  of  capacity  above  24,000 MT/Annum'-

        

(a)              in column 2,  for the  words, figures  and letters " capacity  above  24,000 MT/Annum",  the words, figures  and letters “capacity  above  24,000 MT  per annum"  shall be substituted;

 Contd.

 

-2-

 

(b)              in columns  3 and  4, for  " TOCL   2.0 kg/ton of  product",  the following  shall be  substituted, namely:-

 

      1

          2

           3

                4

     

              “Absorbable Organic Halogens       1.5 kg/ton of product

               (AOX) in effluent discharge         with effect from the date of publication of this notification.

1.0 kg/ton of product with effect from the 1st day of March, 2008.";

         

 

(iii)     in serial number 72 relating to 'Oil Drilling and Gas Extraction Industry'  for  paragraph C and  entries  relating  thereto, the  following  shall  be  substituted, namely:-

 

 

" C.  Guidelines for Disposal of Solid Waste, Drill Cutting and Drilling Fluids for Offshore and Onshore Drilling Operation-

 

1.          Disposal of Drill Cutting and Drilling Fluids for On-shore Installations:

 

(a)              Drill Cuttings  (DC) originating from on-shore or locations close to shore line and separated from Water Base Mud  (WBM) should be properly washed and unusable drilling fluids (DF) such as WBM, Oil Base Mud (OBM), Synthetic Base Mud (SBM) should be disposed off in a well designed pit lined with impervious liner located off-site or on-site. The disposal pit should be provided additionally with leachate collection system.

 

Design aspects of the impervious waste disposal pit; capping of disposal pit should be informed by the oil industry to State Pollution Control Board (SPCB) at the time of obtaining consent.

 

(b)              Use of diesel base mud is prohibited.  Only WBM should be used for on-shore oil drilling operations.

 

Contd.

 

 

-3-

 

(c)               In case of any problem due to geological formation for drilling, low toxicity OBM having aromatic content< 1% should be used. If the operators intend to use such OBM to mitigate specific whole problem/ SBM it should be intimated to Ministry of Environment and Forests/State Pollution Control Board.

 

(d)              The chemical additives used for the preparation of DF should have low toxicity i.e. 96 hr LC50  > 30,000 mg/l as per mysid toxicity or toxicity test conducted on locally available sensitive sea species. The chemicals used  (mainly organic constituents) should be biodegradable.

 

(e)              DC separated from OBM after washing should have oil content at < 10 gm/kg for disposal into disposal pit.

 

(f)                The waste pit after it is filled up shall be covered with impervious liner, over which, a thick layer of native soil with proper top slope is provided.

 

(g)              Low toxicity OBM should be made available at installation during drilling operation.

 

(h)              Drilling wastewater including DC wash water should be collected in the disposal pit evaporated or treated and should comply with the notified standards for on-shore disposal.

 

(i)                Barite used in preparation of DF shall not contain Hg> 1 mg/kg & Cd> 3mg/kg.

 

(j)                Total material acquired for preparation of drill site must be restored after completion of drilling operation leaving no waste material at site.  SPCB should be informed about the restoration work.

 

(k)              In case, environmentally acceptable methods for disposal of drill waste such as (a) injection to a formation through casing annuals, if conditions allow (b) land farming at suitable location (c) bio-remediation  (d) incineration or (e) solidification can be considered, in such cases oil industry is required to submit proposal to Ministry of Environment and Forests/State Pollution Control Board (MoEF/SPCB) for approval.

Contd.

 

 

-4-

 

 

2. Disposal of Drill Cutting and Drilling Fluids for Off-shore Installations:

 

(a)              Use of diesel base mud is prohibited. Only WBM is permitted for offshore drilling. If the operator intend to use low toxicity OBM or SBM to mitigate specific hole problems in the formation, it should be intimated to MoEF/SPCB. The low toxicity OBM should have aromatic content< 1%.

 

(b)              The toxicity of chemical additives used in the DF  (WBM or OBM or SBM) should be biodegradable  (mainly organic constituents) and should have toxicity of 96 hr LC 50 Value > 30,000 mg /l as per mysid toxicity or toxicity test conducted on locally available sensitive sea species.

 

(c)               Hexavalent chromium compound should not be used in DF. Alternative chemical in place of chrome lignosulfonate should be used in DF.  In case, chrome compound is used, the DF/ DC should not be disposed offshore.

 

(d)              Bulk discharge of DF in offshore is prohibited except in emergency situations.

 

(e)              WBM/OBM /SBM should be recycled to a maximum extent. Unusable portion of OBM should not be discharged into sea and shall be brought to on-shore for treatment  & disposal in an impervious waste disposal pit.

 

(f)                Thoroughly washed DC separated from WBM/SBM & unusable portion of WBM/SBM having toxicity of 96 hr LC50  > 30,000 mg/l shall be discharged off-shore into sea intermittently, at an average rate of 50 bbl/hr/well from a platform so as to have proper dilution  & dispersion without any adverse impact on marine environment.

 

(g)              Drill cutting of any composition should not be discharged in sensitive areas notified by the Ministry of Environment and Forests.

 

 

Contd.

 

 

-5-

 

(h)              In case of specific hole problem, use of OBM will be restricted with zero discharge of DC. Zero discharge would include re-injection of the DC into a suitable formation or to bring to shore for proper disposal. In such a case, use of OBM for re-injection should be recorded and made available to the regulatory agency. Such low toxic OBM having aromatic content < 1% should be made available at the installation.

 

(i)                In case, DC is associated with high oil content from hydrocarbon bearing formation, then disposal of DC should not have oil content  > 10 gm/kg.

 

(j)                The DC wash water should be treated to confirm limits notified under EPA, before disposal into Sea. The treated effluent should be monitored regularly.

 

(k)              Discharge of DC from the installation located within 5 km away from shore should ensure that there is no adverse impact on marine Eco-system and on the shore.  If, adverse impact is observed, then the industries have to bring the DC on-shore for disposal in an impervious waste disposal pit.

 

(l)                If any, environmental friendly technology emerges for substitution of DF and disposal technology, it may be brought to the notice of MoEF and regulatory agencies. If the operator desires to adopt such environment friendly technology a prior approval from Ministry of Environment and Forests  is required.

 

(m)           Barite used in preparation of DF shall not contain Hg> 1 mg/kg & Cd> 3 mg/kg.

 

(n)              Oil drilling operators are required to record daily discharge of DC   & DF to offshore and also to monitor daily the effluent quality, and submit the compliance report once in every six-month to Ministry of Environment and Forests.";

 

 

Contd.

 

 

 

 

-6-

 

(iv)              after  serial number 96 and  entries  relating   thereto, the  following  serial  number  and  entries   shall  be  added  at the  end, namely:-

 

 

 1

         2

3

               4

 

"97.          Boilers Using Agriculture   Step Grate                            250 mg / Nm3

         Waste as Fuel                       Particulate matter

                                 

     Horse Shoe/                500 mg / Nm3

     Pulsating                     (12% of CO2)

                                                     Particulate matter

                                                                        

                                                     Spreader stroker                   500 mg / Nm3

       Particulate matter (12% of CO2);

                                                     

                    

98.    Guidelines for Pollution Control in Ginning Mills-

 

Measures for Noise Control

 

(i)                Creating separate soundproof enclosures for the fans within the ginning area.

(ii)              Keeping the fans outside the ginning room in separate enclosures.

(iii)            Roller gins may be covered by sound proof enclosures and use of pneumatic feeding of raw cotton while suction of ginned cotton is introduced to considerably reduce the dust pollution level.

 

               Measures for Dust Control

 

(i) The fugitive emission can be largely controlled by employing mechanical or pneumatic handling of raw material and ginned material through covered ducts and providing overhead hoods connected to exhaust through ducts and filters; use of lifting platforms for bale formers.

 

(ii)  The overhead hoods with exhaust arrangement can be provided at:

 

(a) The saw-ginning machine where manual handling to maintain proper feeding in the machine.

Contd.

 

 

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 (b) At the feeding point of the roller ginning machine when manual feeding is carried out.

 

(c) At the collection points of ginned cotton from saw ginning condenser”.

 

 

(F. No. Q-15017/95/2000-CPW)

 

 

 

                                                                           (R. K. VAISH)

JOINT SECRETARY TO THE GOVT. OF INDIA

 

 

Note :  The principal rules were published in the Gazette of India vide number S.O. 844 (E) dated 19th November, 1986 and subsequently amended vide S.O. 433(E) dated 18th April, 1987, S.O. 64(E) dated 18th January, 1988, S.O. 3(E) dated 3rd January, 1989, S.O. 190(E) dated 15th March, 1989, G.S.R. 913(E) dated 24th October, 1989, S.O. 12(E) dated the 8th January, 1990, G.S.R. 742(E) dated the 30th August, 1990, S.O. 23(E) dated the 16th January, 1991, G.S.R. 93(E) dated the 21st February, 1991, G.S.R. 95(E) dated the 12th February, 1992, G.S.R. 329(E) dated the 13th March, 1992, G.S.R. 475(E) dated the 5th May, 1992, G.S.R. 797(E) dated the 1st October, 1992, G.S.R. 386(E) dated the 28th April, 1993, G.S.R. 422(E) dated the 19th May, 1993, G.S.R. 801(E) dated the 31st December, 1993, G.S.R. 176(E) dated the 3rd April, 1996, G.S.R. 631(E) dated the 31st October, 1997, G.S.R. 504(E) dated the 20th August, 1998, G.S.R. 7(E) dated the 2nd January, 1999, G.S.R. 682(E) dated the 6th October, 1999, G.S.R. 742(E) dated the 25th September, 2000, G.S.R. 72(E) dated the 6th February, 2001, G.S.R. 54(E) dated the 22nd January, 2002, G.S.R. 371(E) dated the 17th May, 2002, G.S.R. 489(E) dated the 9th July, 2002, S.O. 1088(E) dated the 11th October, 2002, G.S.R. 849(E) dated the 30th December, 2002, G.S.R. 520(E) dated the 1st July, 2003 and G.S.R. 92(E) dated the 29th January, 2004, G.S.R. 448 (E) dated the 12th July, 2004 and Corrigenda G.S.R. 520(E) dated 12th August, 2004, G.S.R 272 (E) dated 5th May 2005 and G.S.R. 315 (E) dated 16th May 2005.